In this session, Shaykh Muhammad Abu Bakr Ba-Dhib continues looking at the Branches of Faith relating to civic life from Imam Zabidi’s treatise “ʿIqd al-Juman fi Bayan Shuʿab al-Iman” (The Necklace of Pearls in Clarifying the Branches of Faith). In this session, he looks at the Branches which relate to preserving the Five Necessities which the Sacred Law (shariʿa) has come to protect.
The seven Branches mentioned in the text which come under the Five Necessities are: (1) preserving religion through fighting and combat, (2-3) preserving life through abstaining from injurious crimes and establishing their penalties, (4) preserving the intellect through the prohibition of intoxicants and foul things, (5) preserving wealth through seeking rights and fulfilling them, (6-7) preservation of honour through establishing legal penalties for fornication and slander and disciplinary punishments, and through removing harm from the Muslims.
This is part of the series presented in Ramadan 2018: “Branches of Faith: The Virtues and Fruits of Faith”.
It is narrated that Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Faith is seventy some branches”. In this series some of the leading scholars will cover and explain the different branches of faith, as they have come in the works of the Islamic tradition. The branches of faith include (1) branches of belief and certitude, (2) branches of spiritual works, and (3) branches of social excellence.
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