Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Is the hadith true where Adam (AS) saw kalma tayyaba in the sky after being expelled from Paradise and then asked Allah to forgive him on behalf of the Prophet (SAW)?
Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,
I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.
There are a number of reports which relate this incident with varying degrees of strength.
Maysarat al-Fajr narrates, “I said: “Messenger of Allah, when were you made a Prophet?” He replied: “When Allah created the earth and turned to the heavens, arranging them into seven heavens, and He created the Throne, He wrote on the leg of the Throne: Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets. And Allah created Paradise in which He made Adam and Hawwa’ dwell, then He wrote
my name [there] on the gates, the tree-leaves, the houses and tents, while Adam was still between the spirit and the body. When Allah Most High brought him to life, he looked at the Throne and saw my name, whereupon Allah Most High informed him: ‘He is the liege-lord of your offspring.’ When shaytan deceived them, they repented and sought intercession with my name from Him.”
The verifier, Shaykh Gibril Haddad, notes: “The Hadith master al-Salihi cited it in Subul al-Huda wal-Rashad (Beirut ed. 1:86=Cairo ed. 1:104) and said “Its chain is good and there is no harm in it.” Al-Halabi also cited it in his Sira (1:355). Al-Bayhaqi narrates with the above chain only the reply “While Adam was still between the spirit and the body” in his Dala’il al-Nubuwwa (1:84) while Ibn Taymiyya cites the entire wording with the full chain in Majmu` al-Fatawa (2:150-151) but he adds “from Muhammad ibn Salih between Ahmad ibn Ishaq al-Wazzan and Ibn Sinan al-`Awqi. If correct, this additional link could be either the trustworthy hafiz Muhammad ibn Salih ibn `Abd al-Rahman al-Anmati al-Sufi known as Kaylaja (d. 271) or Muhammad ibn Salih al-Wasiti Ka`b al-Dhira’ who is also trustworthy, so the chain remains a strong chain, and Allah knows best.”
Please also see the following links:
And Allah alone gives success.