Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalam ‘aleykum,
(1)Is the knee cap included in the minimum nakedness in the Hanafi school?
(2)What is the minimum nakedness in the Shafi and Maliki school?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,
I pray this finds you well, insha’Allah.
The minimum nakedness (‘awra) in the Hanafi school is from below the navel to the bottom of the knee. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]
The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) is reported to have said, “The knee is from the nakedness.” [Daraqutni]
Accordingly, the entire knee is considered to be part of the nakedness in the Hanafi school, contrary to the Shafi`is and Malikis who don’t consider it to be as such. [Ibn Hajar, Tuhfat al-Muhtaj fi Sharh al-Minhaj; Dardir, al-Sharh al-Kabir]
And Allah knows best.
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani