Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalam alaykum,
I often think if my late father, God rest his soul, knows what is going on in the lives of my family. Does a deceased person know what is happening in his family’s life, the good and the bad?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,
The deceased moves into another realm of being termed the inter-world (barzakh). Such a world and its details are from the unseen and we do not know what that life is like except what has come to us from revelation.
However, it is unlikely that a person knows what is happening in the lives of the family they left behind, and in reality, it will not affect anything in their own lives as their book of deeds has been closed– except for the good works that people send the reward of.
Practically, this is the best thing that you can do for them. For details, please see: Donating Reward to the Dead: A Detailed Answer
And Allah Most High alone knows best.
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani