Introduction

This is the first of an eight-part traditional word-by-word explanation of a sharh (interlineal commentary) on the post popular primer in Shafi‘i law, Matn Abi Shuja‘. Hamza Karamali carefully works through the chapter of purification, covering the kinds of water, using the bathroom, wudu, ghusl, tayammum, najasa, and menstruation, relating the rulings to contemporary situations, and explaining the hadith evidence and wisdom behind them. This is a course for experienced students of knowledge who have studied the Islamic sciences for many years.

Curricular Context

  • This is a first-level course in Step Three
  • Complete all four parts of Introduction to Sacred Law (Shafi‘i) before taking this course
  • Reading fluency in Arabic is a prerequisite for taking this course

Course Outline

LESSON 1: Introduction

  • 1. Ibn Qasim al-Ghazzi’s Introduction (33 min 16 sec)
  • 2. Commentary on the Basmala and Hamdala (39 min 6 sec)
  • 3. Commentary on Abu Shuja’s Introduction (36 min 8 sec)

LESSON 2: Purification and Water

  • 1. The Meanings of “Kitab” and “Tahara” (15 min 51 sec)
  • 2. Purifying Water (47 min 29 sec)
  • 3. Pure and Impure Water (38 min 11 sec)

LESSON 3: Animal Hides, Gold and Silver Containers, and the Toothstick

  • 1. Tanning Animal Hides (32 min 46 sec)
  • 2. Permissible and Impermissible Containers (27 min 4 sec)
  • 3. Using the Toothstick (21 min 21 sec)

LESSON 4: Integrals of Wudu

  • 1. Integrals of Wudu: Intention and Washing the Face (41 min 18 sec)
  • 2. Integrals of Wudu: Remaining Integrals (25 min 6 sec)

LESSON 5: Sunnas of Wudu

  • 1. Sunnas of Wudu Part 1 (1 hr)
  • 2. Sunnas of Wudu Part 2 (26 min 17 sec)

LESSON 6: Cleaning Oneself After Using the Bathroom

  • 1. Cleaning Oneself After Using the Bathroom (istinja) (27 min 42 sec)
  • 2. Adab of Using the Bathroom (36 min 1 sec)

LESSON 7: Invalidators of Wudu and Ghusl

  • 1. Invalidators of Wudu (50 min 18 sec)
  • 2. Invalidators of Ghusl (35 min 58 sec)

LESSON 8: Ghusl and Wiping Over Khuffs

  • 1. Integrals of Ghusl (26 min 48 sec)
  • 2. Sunnas of Ghusl (21 min 46 sec)
  • 3. Sunna Ghusls (27 min 28 sec)
  • 4. Wiping Over Khuffs: Ruling and Conditions (43 min 40 sec)

LESSON 9: Wiping over Khuffs and Tayammum

  • 1. Wiping Over Khuffs: Period of Wiping (25 min 30 sec)
  • 2. Wiping Over Khuffs: How to Wipe and Invalidators of Wiping (9 min 44 sec)
  • 3. Conditions of Tayammum (53 min 55 sec)

LESSON 10: Tayammum and Najasa

  • 1. Integrals and Sunnas of Tayammum (25 min 30 sec)
  • 2. Invalidators of Tayammum (21 min 16 sec)
  • 3. Casts and Bandages (43 min)
  • 4. Definition of Najasa (51 mins 40 sec)

Lesson 10.4 Resource: Shaykh Nuh Ali Salman’s Fatwa on Narcotics: https://www.aliftaa.jo/Article.aspx?ArticleId=161#.W3RtM-gzbIV
LESSON 11: Najasa

  • 1. Kinds of Najasa: Digested Material (9 mins 20 sec)
  • 2. Najasa `Ayniyya and Najasa Hukmiyya (26 min 41 sec)
  • 3. Minor, Regular, and Major Najasa (23 min 41 sec)
  • 4. Najasa that is Excused (21 mins 46 sec)
  • 5. Overview of Kinds of Najasa (26 min 23 sec)
  • 6. Water that Runs Off While Washing Najasa (ghusala) (17 min 9 sec)
  • 7. Wine Turning Into Vinegar (13  min 32 sec)

LESSON 12: Menstruation

  • 1. Menstruation (52 mins)
  • 2. Things Unlawful in Ritual Impurity (50 mins 30 sec)

What You Will Learn:

  • Develop the skill of reading the mutun, shuruh, and hawashi of the Muslim scholarly tradition
  • Deepen your understanding of traditional sacred law according to the Shafi‘i school
  • Learn the detailed rulings of water, tanning, containers, wudu, using the bathroom, ghusl, wiping over khuffs, tayammum, wudu with bandages and casts, najasa, and menstruation
  • Learn how to apply traditional sacred law to modern situations

Course Requirements:

  • Complete all four parts of Introduction to Sacred Law (Shafi‘i) before taking this course
  • Reading fluency in Arabic is a prerequisite for taking this course

Course Format: 12 downloadable lessons. 3 live sessions.

About the Course Text

Matn Abi Shuja‘ is the most popular primer for students of the Shafi‘i school. Its importance can be measured by the dozens of commentaries and glosses that have been written on it over the centuries since it was written. This course is a contemporary explanation of its most commonly-studied commentary, Fath al-Qarib al-Mujib by Shaykh Muhammad b. Qasim al-Ghazzi (d. 918 AH / 1512 CE). Shaykh Muhammad b. Qasim al-Ghazzi was a late scholar of the Shafi‘i school who lived and taught in Egypt. His teachers included the great Shaykh al-Islam Zakariyya al-Ansari, who was the teacher the major authorities of the Shafi‘i school. Fath al-Qarib (or Sharh Ibn Qasim, as it is popularly known) is an integral part of Shafi‘i curricula worldwide. It is particularly important because it was the subject of a hashiya (gloss) by the rector of al-Azhar in his time, Shaykh Ibrahim al-Bajuri (1276 AH / 1860 CE), may Allah Most High have mercy on him, which is one of the most important books in the Shafi‘i school.

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“Whoever guides someone to goodness will have a similar reward”– The Prophet (Peace and Blessings Be Upon Him)