Introduction

 

Every human action has a divine command associated with it, making it obligatory, recommended, permissible, offensive, or unlawful. We cannot infer these commands with our minds–the only way to learn about them is by learning them from the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace). The goal of the science of sacred law (fiqh) is to summarize what the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) taught us about all human actions, whether related to worship, trade, investment, food, hunting, oaths, entertainment, marriage, divorce, inheritance, legal procedures, or public policy.  This four-part series of courses will introduce you to the science of sacred law as it relates to all aspects of life, focussing in this first part on the rules of purification and prayer.

Curricular Context

  • This is a first-level course in Step Two
  • Complete Step One before taking this course
  • Take this course before Parts 2, 3, and 4

Course Outline

LESSON 1: Biography of Author; Author’s Introduction; The Five Rulings; Personal vs.Communal Obligatory Knowledge

LESSON 2: Purification;  Integrals & Nullifiers of Ablution; Etiquettes of the Washroom

LESSON 3: Major Ritual Impurity

LESSON 4: Wiping Over Socks; Dry Ablution; Types of Filth

LESSON 5: Rulings Related to the Different Types of Bleeding for Women

LESSON 6: The Prayer – Times; Sunnah Prayer; Conditions & Integrals

LESSON 7: Sunnahs & Nullifiers of the Prayer

LESSON 8: Prostration of Forgetfulness; Forbidden Times to Pray; The Congregational Prayer

LESSON 9: Joining Prayers & the Friday Prayer

LESSON 10: Special Prayers for Particular Circumstances

LESSON 11: Clothing

LESSON 12: Rites of the Deceased & the Funeral Prayer

What You Will Learn:

  • Describe the historical development of the Shafi‘i school
  • Learn the rules of purification, prayer, clothing, and funeral rites
  • Memorize the definitions of key terms related to the rules of purification, prayer, clothing, and funeral rites
  • Appreciate the depth of the Muslim scholarly tradition

Course Requirements: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Shafi’i Jurisprudence ILAES100

Course Format: 12 downloadable lessons, 3 live sessions.

About the Course Text

This course is an explanation of Matn Abi Shuja’ , written by the learned and pious Shafi‘i scholar from Basra, Ahmad ibn al Hussein al-Asfahani (d. 500’s AH / 1100’s CE), more famously known as, Abu Shuja‘. Abu Shuja‘ taught the Shafi‘i school for 40 years in Basra, working as a scholar and judge, before retiring at the end of his life to Medina, where he worked as a servant at the mosque of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace). His Matn Abi Shuja‘, a short introduction to the Shafi ‘i school of sacred law, is one of the most blessed textbooks of the school–although it was written almost a millennium ago, it remains an integral part of Shafi ‘i fiqh curricula all over the world, and has been the subject of dozens of commentaries and super-commentaries ever since it was written all the way down to the present age. An English translation of the text is provided as part of the course materials.

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“Whoever guides someone to goodness will have a similar reward”– The Prophet (Peace and Blessings Be Upon Him)